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Goddess if the Week-Maat

Posted: Sun Aug 05, 2007 11:28 pm
by FyreGarnet
Maat or Ma’at

She is the patron of law and order, and of course, truth.

She is seen wearing a crown surmounted by a huge ostrich feather. In the underworld, Anubis weighed the heart of the deceased against Maat’s feather. If the heart was heavier than the feather, the heart was said to be heavy with evil deeds, and the soul would be fed to Ammit. But if the heart weighed in balance with the feather, the deceased was a just and very honorable person in life, and be welcomed by Osiris into the Blessed Land. Her presence was universal and it was said that all gods deferred to her.

She is, also, seen holding a scepter in one hand and an ankh in the other.

In the story of Maat, she was the wife of Thoth and had eight children with him. They were the chief gods, the Ennead, who created the earth and all that is in it. Maat and Thoth were said to travel with Ra in his boat and direct its course.

When the earth was created and chaos was eliminated, the Principles of Maat were set into place. These will be listed later.

The main protector of Maat was the Pharaoh. By obeying Pharaoh, man was in accordance with nature and Maat. Inhabitants not adhering to the principle of Maat broke all laws of the Ancient Egyptian Society. Enemies in war were considered to be Maat’s enemies.

The Judgment of the Dead
The Declaration of Innocence

Hail to you, great God, Lord of the Two Truths!
I have come to you, my Lord,
I was brought to see your beauty.
I know you, I know the names of the forty-two gods,
Who are with you in the Hall of the Two Truths,
Who live by warding off evildoers,
Who drink of their blood,
On that day of judging characters before Wennofer.
Lo, your name is "He-of-Two-Daughters,"
(And) "He-of-Maat's-Two-Eyes."
Lo, I come before you,
Bringing Maat to you,
Having repelled evil for you.
The Goddess Maát
1. I have not committed sin.
2. I have not committed robbery with violence.
3. I have not stolen.
4. I have not slain men and women.
5. I have not stolen grain.
6. I have not purloined offerings.
7. I have not stolen the property of God.
8. I have not uttered lies.
9. I have not carried away food.
10. I have not uttered curses.
11. I have not committed adultery, I have not lain with men.
12. I have made none to weep.
13. I have not eaten the heart.
14. I have not attacked any man.
15. I am not a man of deceit.
16. I have not stolen cultivated land.
17. I have not been an eavesdropper.
18. I have not slandered [no man].
19. I have not been angry without just cause.
20. I have not debauched the wife of any man.
21. I have not debauched the wife of [any] man.
22. I have not polluted myself.
23. I have terrorized none.
24. I have not transgressed [the law].
25. I have not been wroth.
26. I have not shut my ears to the words of truth.
27. I have not blasphemed.
28. I am not a man of violence.
29. I have not been a stirrer up of strife.
30. I have not acted with undue haste.
31. I have not pried into matters.
32. I have not multiplied my words in speaking.
33. I have wronged none, I have done no evil.
34. I have not worked witchcraft against the king.
35. I have never stopped [the flow of] water.
36. I have never raised my voice.
37. I have not cursed God.
38. I have not acted with arrogance.
39. I have not stolen the bread of the gods.
40. I have not carried away the khenfu cakes from the Spirits of the dead.
41. I have not snatched away the bread of the child, nor treated with contempt the god of my city.
42. I have not slain the cattle belonging to the god.

The Declaration to the Forty-two Gods

O Wide-of-stride who comes from On: I have not done evil.
O Flame-grasper who comes from Kheraha: I have not robbed.
O Long-nosed who comes from Khbmun: I have not coveted.
O Shadow-eater who comes from the cave: I have not stolen.
O Savage-faced who comes from Rostau: I have not killed people.
O Lion-Twins who come from heaven: I have not trimmed the measure.
O Flint-eyed who comes from Khem: I have not cheated.
O Fiery-one who comes backward: I have not stolen a god's property.
O Bone-smasher who comes from Hnes: I have not told lies.
O Flame-thrower who comes from Memphis: I have not seized food.
O Cave-dweller who comes from the west: I have not sulked.
O White-toothed who comes from Lakeland: I have not trespassed.
O Blood-eater who comes from slaughterplace: I have not slain sacred cattle.
O Entrall-eater who comes from the tribunal: I have not extorted.
O Lord of Maat who comes from Maaty: I have not stolen bread rations.
O Wanderer who comes from Bubastis: I have not spied.
O Pale-one who comes from On: I have not prattled.
O Villain who comes from Anjdty: I have contended only for my goods.
O Fiend who comes from slaughterhouse: I have not committed adultery.
O Examiner who comes from Min's temple: I have not defiled myself.
O Chief of the nobles who comes from Imu: I have not caused fear.
O Wrecker who comes from Huy: I have not trespassed.
O Disturber who comes from the sanctuary: I have not been violent.
O Child who comes from the nome of On: I have not been deaf to Maat.
O Foreteller who comes from Wensi: I have not quarreled.
O Bastet who comes from the shrine: I have not winked.
O Backward-faced who comes from the pit: I have not copulated with a boy.
O Flame-footed who comes from the dusk: I have not been false.
O Dark-one who comes from darkness: I have not reviled.
O Peace-bringer who comes from Sais: I have not been aggressive.
O Many-faced who comes from Djefet: I have not had a hasty heart.
O Accuser who comes from Utjen: I have not attacked and reviled a god.
O Horned-one who comes from Siut: I have not made many words.
O Nefertem who comes from Memphis: I have not sinned, I have not done wrong.
O Timeless-one who comes from Djedu: I have not made trouble.
O Willful-one who comes from Tjebu: I have not waded in water.
O Flowing-one who comes from Nun: I have not raised my voice.
O Commander of people who comes from his shrine: I have not cursed a god.
O Benefactor who comes from Huy: I have not been boastful.
O Nehebkau who comes from the city: I have not been haughty.
O High-of-head who comes from the cave: I have not wanted more than I had.
O Captor who comes from the graveyard: I have not cursed god in my town.

Only the Principles and Declarations of Maat were found at the following website. Most of the other information was knowledge to me already from who knows what source anymore, or from many different websites and books. None of which gave that much information, truthfully.


Posted: Mon Aug 06, 2007 9:58 pm
by Ragnar
3,4,8,9,10,12,13,14,15,17,22,24,29,30,31,34,36,37,38. Oh. #-o :oops:

But I claim that in the case Maát v Ragnr, 1 is unworkable as a point of law, as it is not clear and unambiguous enough to be entered in the prosecution as a specific offence.

I would contest the same for 24. I therefore plead not guilty on the grounds that the laws are ambiguous and therefore unequitable. As under these paragraphs, ANYTHING could be deemed an offence, as "Sin" and "law" are not specifically defined.

35, there was that time when I was on parade and had an hour to wait before change of guard.....

Very good and interesting FyreGarnet. =D>


Posted: Tue Aug 07, 2007 6:12 am
by Crazy Healer Lady
Thank you very much for sharing :D

Posted: Tue Aug 07, 2007 12:02 pm
by Kitsune
Wow, definately very cool. I've heard of the Goddess before, but never studied her. Very Interesting.

Posted: Tue Aug 07, 2007 12:58 pm
by Willow
That is awesome,
these laws sound a bit male centric, I wonder what the status of women was in anvcient egypt (no good if we are prosecuted for laying with men :lol: )

Those laws seem like a lot of work. Its interesting that int he judgement the godess seems to disapear and a symbol comes to take precedent.

Sorry, I went to a conference on feminism this weekend! My estrogen is on the offensive!

Posted: Tue Aug 07, 2007 3:39 pm
by Crazy Healer Lady
wonder what the status of women was in ancient egypt
Well, it was considered a high honour for men to wash the menstrual cloths of women. ^_^ That gives some insight. And the belly dance was sacred so that no man was allowed to bear witness.

Posted: Tue Aug 07, 2007 5:24 pm
by FyreGarnet
However, when the Pharaoh died, his wife and cats and such were killed to put in his tomb with him, not the other way around. I think it was more male centralized, but no more than it was a few decades ago here in this country.


Posted: Tue Aug 07, 2007 8:17 pm
by Windwalker
I am doomed :lol: Sorry, Ma'at!

Very nice, though, thanks!

Posted: Wed Aug 08, 2007 5:39 am
by Willow
There is also the class too, whose menstrual blood wass acred and what group of women were allowed to perform the belly Dance?

I need to read more about Egypt!

don't worry windwalker...I too am doomed!

Posted: Wed Aug 08, 2007 2:17 pm
by Jescissa
Yay! Ma'at is one of my favourite Goddesses, I appeal to her when I need some order and structure in my life...also when I need to tell the truth and be unafraid of the consequences!

Thanks for sharing!